Author Archives: Florentina

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Psihologia divortului -partea 1

Category : Articole

In scopul de a ajuta cuplurile sa se inteleaga in urma unui divort, este esential ca mediatorul sa inteleaga dinamica familiei ca un sistem si procesul de divort. Astfel trebuie analizata influenta divortului asupra membrilor familiei.

Vazand familia ca un sistem se pot intelege evenimentele care decurg in cadrul procesului de divort.

Familia care trece printr-un divort, de fapt nu se desparte ci se reorganizeaza. In timp ce relatia de cuplu nu mai exista, familia, in cazul in care exista copii, continua sa existe si dupa divort. Astfel cei doi soti, chiar daca s-au despartit, continua sa aibe o legatura prin si pentru copii.

Sursa: Donald T. Saposnek  – Clinical-Child Psychologist, Profesor la Psychology Department of the University of California, Santa Cruz.


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Mediatorul

Category : Mediator

Mediatorul :

  • Este ales si acceptat de catre parti
  • Este neutru si impartial
  • Pastreaza confidentialitatea
  • Nu da solutii
  • Nu are putere in luarea deciziei cu privire la solutii sau acord

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Mediation according to the UN Guidance for Effective Mediation

Category : Articole

According to the United Nations Guidance for Effective Mediation (2012, p.4), mediation is “a process whereby a third party assists two or more parties, with their consent, to prevent, manage or resolve a conflict by helping them to develop mutually acceptable agreements”. For the NY State Unified Court System (2008, no page), it is a “confidential dispute resolution process in which a neutral third party (the mediator) helps disputants identify issues, clarify perceptions and explore options for a mutually acceptable outcome“. More generally, mediation as “a process in which disputants attempt to resolve their differences with the assistance of an acceptable third party” (Kressel, 2006, p.726) is a practice that dates back to Ancient Greece and Rome (Ramsbotham et al., 2011), and although it has witnessed a number of cultural variations, essentially it can be applied, “[…] whether the conflict were between individuals or nations, and irrespective of culture, political ideology or religion. Although the circumstances of an international dispute [….] are very different from the emotional tangle of, for example, a marital one, both ultimately focus on human beings who have to make decisions and to act, and whose passions, fears, hopes, rage and guilt are much the same whoever they are” (Curle, 1986, no page).

In terms of the actual mediation process, some authors like Moore (1987) identified 12 stages, half of which focus on preparation and the other half on actual mediation. Others (Wall, 1981) have identified specific phases (organizing the process, establishing connections with the parties, agenda setting, understanding the relationship between the parties and their constituencies, argumentation and mediation, logistics and consequences of possible settlement, settlement agreement), but also strategies and methods to achieve resolution. Organizations at a community level, like the NYPI (2010), focus on the mediation process alone and identify the following stages: mediator’s opening statement, parties uninterrupted time, mediator summary of positions, mediator clarification questions, issue identification, agenda setting, generating options for resolution, evaluating options, building the agreement, closing of mediation. Rather than a specific process, what most Western institutions (NY State ADR Office, 2008; European Commission, 2004; United Nations, 2012) setting the standards of mediation practices at a national and international level agree on are the following general principles:

  • Consent – Mediation is a voluntary process in which parties approve to participate, as opposed to court trials that oblige parties to attend.
  • Impartiality/Inclusivity – A mediator should avoid any sort of favouritism or judgment towards one party and avoid any conduct that reveals partiality. Mediation should be a balanced process in which parties are treated fairly and whose perspectives are respectfully integrated.
  • Confidentiality – The mediator is bound not to disclose any information s/he has become aware of during the mediation. Any exceptions to this rule should be made explicit to the parties.
  • Self-determination – This is the key principle of Mediation and the one element that clearly distinguishes it from litigation. Parties have ownership of the process and the responsibility to find a mutually agreed solution. The role of the mediator is to foster dialogue and facilitate a voluntary resolution of a dispute, not to solve, suggest, or find solutions, and coerce parties into accepting anything they haven’t elaborated themselves. The mediator’s role is to facilitate the free exchange of ideas and never impose an agreement.
  • Conflict of interest– The mediator should not have an interest in the outcome, not even in a peaceful solution. If the mediator believes there is a conflict of interest (knowing, favouring one party, etc), the mediator should recuse him/herself.
  • Competence/Preparation –Training and experience are key in mediation. Typically, it takes a substantial training, practice and experience to gain accreditation and credibility.
  • Safety – Mediation should take place in a physically safe place. The mediator should create an environment where parties can freely talk and can trust the integrity of the mediator and the process.
  • Quality – This aspect refers to all of the above and in particular to the mediator’s ability to be aware of his/her own judgments and assumptions so not to negatively affect the process. The mediator shouldn’t offer opinions on issues of merit or specific subject matter, rather encourage the parties to equip themselves with all the expert support they believe they will need to solve the conflict. A mediator should conduct the mediation fairly, diligently, with sensitivity, civility and respect.

 The article was written by Claudia Maffettone in May 2016.


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Adresa

Category : Contact

Email: mediere.contact@gmail.com

Telefon:  0723 667 281

Bucuresti

Sector 3, Str. Istriei nr. 7

Numele (obligatoriu)

Adresa de email (obligatoriu)

Subiectul

Mesaj


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Domenii mediere

Category : Domenii

Biroul de mediere va ofera servicii in urmatoarele domenii:

Familie: 

Divort, Partaj, Protectia copilului, Succesiune, Păstrarea numelui după căsătorie, Exercitarea drepturilor părinteşti, Stabilirea domiciliului copiilor, Contribuţia părinţilor la întreţinerea copiilor

Comercial:

Raspundere contractuala, Dispute intre societati comerciale, Dispute intr societati comerciale si persoane fizice, Dispute intre angajat si angajator, Dispute intre parteneri de afaceri, actionari sau asociati

Bancar:

Contract de credit, Recuperare creante   domenii

Proprietate:

Drepturi de autor, Protectia consumatorului

Penal:

Inainte sau după declanşarea procesului penal, Doar în cazul infracţiunilor pentru care retragerea plângerii prealabile sau împăcarea părţilor înlătură răspunderea penală.

Codul penal prevede o serie de infractiuni pentru care in cazul retragerii plangerii prealabile (art. 158) sau impacarea partilor (art. 159), se inlatura raspunderea penala:

1. Violenta in familie – art. 199

2. Amenintarea – art. 206

3. Hartuirea – art. 208 si Hartuirea sexuala – art. 223

4. Violarea de domiciliu – art. 224 si Violarea sediului professional – art. 225

5. Violarea vietii private – art. 226

6. Divulgarea secretului professional – art. 227

7. Abuzul de incredere – art. 238 si Abuzul de incredere prin fraudarea creditorilor – art. 239

8. Bancruta simpla – art. 240 si Bancruta frauduloasa – art. 241

9. Gestiunea frauduloasa – art. 242

10. Insusirea bunului gasit sau ajuns din eroare la faptuitor – art. 243

11. Inselaciune – art. 244 si Inselaciunea privind asigurarile – art. 245

12. Distrugerea – art. 253

13. Tulburarea de posesie – art. 256

14. Influentarea declaratiilor – art. 272

15. Asistenta si reprezentarea neloiala – art. 284

16. Nerespectarea hotararilor judecatoresti – art. 287

17. Violarea secretului corespondentei – art. 302

18. Abandonul de familie – art. 378

19. Nerespectarea masurilor privind incredintarea minorului – art. 379

20. Impiedicarea exercitarii libertatii religioase – art. 381

Mediu:

Protectia mediului


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Avantajele medierii

  • Este o procedura informala  handshake1

  • Este mai putin costisitoare decat un proces in instanta

  • Timpul de rezolvare a disputei este mult redus fata de cel al rezolvarii in instanta

  • Este o procedura mai productiva decat procedura judecatoreasca

  • Sedinta de mediere poate fi programata in functie de timpul si programul partilor

  • Solutia este agreata de cele doua parti


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Medierea

Category : Mediere

Medierea reprezinta o modalitate de solutionare a conflictelor pe cale amiabila, cu ajutorul unei terte persoane specializate in calitate de mediator, in conditii de neutralitate, impartialitate, confidentialitate si avand liberal consimtamant al partilor.” (Legea 192/2006 modificata)  handshake

Principiile medierii:

Voluntara: Partile sunt libere sa decida daca accepta procesul de mediere si acordul rezultat. Partile se pot retrage oricand din procesul de mediere.

Acceptului in cunostinta de cauza: Partile au dreptul de a fi informate cu privire la procesul de mediere inainte de a accepta participarea la mediere sau termenii unui acord rezultat.

Autodeterminarii: Partile au dreptul si capacitatea  de a-si define propriile problem, nevoi si solutii.

Neutralitatii: Partile au dreptul la un proces de mediere corect.  Mediatorul nu are legatura cu partile si cu subiectul disputei; nu se afla in conflict de interese fata de parti, referitor la relatie si la subiectul disputei.

Impartialitatii: Partile au dreptul la un proces de mediere fara partinire. Mediatorul nu este partinitor fata de parti si conduce procesul echidistant.

Confidentialitatii: Confidentialitatea informatiilor primite de mediator de la partile in disputa este garantata.